JANUARY 15, 2018 | MARTIN LUTHER KING JR. DAY | NATIONAL HAT DAY | NATIONAL STRAWBERRY ICE CREAM DAY
MARTIN LUTHER KING JR. DAY
Martin Luther King Jr. Day is on the third Monday in January. Martin Luther King Jr.(January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, activist and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience. King has become a national icon in the history of American progressivism. Hundreds of streets in the U.S. have been renamed in his honor.
A gifted and friendly student, King attended Morehouse College where he earned a BA in sociology. Combining a passion for racial equality with a rediscovered spirituality, King then attended Crozer Theological Seminary following in his father’s and grandfather’s footsteps earning a Bachelors of Divinity.
Shortly after he completed his Ph.D. in theology at Boston University in 1955 a 42-year-old Rosa Parks (See Rosa Parks Day which is observed December 1) refused to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama. The opportunity for the NAACP to bring their civil rights efforts to the forefront was before them, and King was chosen to lead the successful city-wide boycott of the Montgomery transit system.
Just over a year later, King along with over 60 other ministers and activists founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Together they coordinated non-violent protests and gave a voice to the young civil rights movement.
Through the next twelve years, King would be influential in organizing marches, sit-ins and political rallies for civil rights. During a 1963 March on Washington, D.C. for Jobs and Freedom, King spoke before more than 200,000 regarding the challenges African Americans face. His “I Have a Dream” speech has gone down in many history books as one of the greatest speeches ever given. Brutally honest, a call to action and a vision of hope, King’s speech resonated throughout the nation.
In early 1964, during a march outside Selma when 1,500 men and women were met by a wall of state troopers, King lead the marchers in prayer successfully avoiding any confrontation with authorities. On July 2, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 outlawing discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin. That same year, King became the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize for his unswerving work in the Civil Rights Movement.
In early 1965, Selma, Alabama became the center of the Civil Rights movement when new voting rights legislation was introduced in Congress that would ban literacy tests, mandate federal oversight where tests were administered and would give the U.S. attorney general the duty of challenging the use of poll taxes for state and local elections. Televised violence in February of that year resulted in the death of Jimmie Lee Jackson. King’s presence and President Johnson’s support of the marchers helped bring peace. Throughout the next month, marchers continued between Selma and Montgomery. Congress Passed the Voting Rights Act in August of that year.
Author, speaker, father, theologian, activist, King was assassinated by James Earl Ray on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennesee. There in support of a sanitation workers’ strike, King and other SCLC members were staying at the Lorraine Motel when Ray’s bullet would strike King on the balcony. Riots and violence would follow and President Johnson would call for peace, referring to King as the “apostle of nonviolence.”
HOW TO OBSERVE
Use #MartinLutherKingJrDay to post on social media.
While President Ronald Reagan signed the established into law in 1983, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day was first observed as a U.S. federal holiday in 1986.
NATIONAL HAT DAY
Hang on to your hats and celebrate in style on January 15. Millions will participate in National Hat Day.
- Hats may be worn for safety and protection, religious reasons, ceremonial reasons, warmth or fashion.
- In the Middle Ages, hats were an indicator of social status.
- In the military, hats may denote one’s nationality, branch of service, rank and/or regiment.
- A Thebes tomb painting depicts one of the first pictorials of a hat. The painting shows a man wearing a conical straw hat.
- Structured hats for women began to be worn in the late 16th century.
- Millinery is the designing and manufacture of hats.
- The term “milliner” derived from the city of Milan, Italy. The best quality hats were made in Milan in the 18th century.
- Millinery began as traditionally a woman’s occupation, as the milliner not only created hats and bonnets but also chose lace, trim and accessories to complete an outfit.
- In the middle of the 1920s, to replace the bonnets and wide-brimmed hats, women began to wear smaller hats that hugged their heads.
Depending on where you live, if you are outside in the middle of a cold January, you may definitely want to wear a hat on National Hat Day!
HOW TO OBSERVE
Be sure to wear a hat and use #NationalHatDay to post on social media.
Within our research, we were unable to find the origin of National Hat Day.
NATIONAL STRAWBERRY ICE CREAM DAY
National Strawberry Ice Cream Day is a food holiday observed each year on January 15.
( National Ice Cream Day is celebrated on July 1)
Strawberry ice cream is made by blending either strawberries or strawberry flavoring with eggs, cream, vanilla and sugar. Food coloring is often used to give it the pink or light red hue.
Dating back to at least 1813, strawberry ice cream was served at the second inauguration of James Madison.
Strawberry ice cream is one of the three flavors in Neapolitan ice cream along with vanilla and chocolate.
Strawberry cheesecake ice cream and strawberry ripple ice cream are variations of this feature.
HOW TO OBSERVE
Have fun celebrating National Strawberry Ice Cream Day by trying one of these recipes:
Easy Celebration Ice Cream Cake
Yummy Strawberry Shake
Strawberry Ice Cream Pie
Use #StrawberryIceCreamDay to post on social media.
Our research was unable to find the creator of National Strawberry Ice Cream Day.
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